Listed below are acts are permissible during the prayer:
- Taking a few steps due to some necessity:
‘Aishah said: “The Messenger of Allah was offering salah in the house and the door was locked. I came and knocked on the door and he walked over to open it for me and then he returned to his place of prayer. The door was in the direction of the qiblah.” This is related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa’i, and at Tirmidhi.
- Carrying and holding a child during the salah:
Reports has it that the Prophet (p.b.u.h) was offering salah and Umamah bint Zainab was on his shoulder. When he performed ruku’, he put her down, and when he got up from his sajdah, he would place her back on his neck.
The purpose of this action is to show that carrying daughters is nothing bad or shameful. In fact, the prophet did it to set an example to the Arabs that there is nothing wrong with carrying daughters.
- Returning a Greeting by a motion:
Jabir said: “The Messenger of Allah sent me somewhere while he was going to the tribe of Mustaliq. I came to him and he was praying while on the back of his camel. [When] I spoke to him, he and Zubair motioned with their hands. I heard him reciting and saw him gesturing with his head. When he finished, he said: ‘What have you done about the thing I sent you for? Nothing kept me from talking to you save that I was in salah.'”
When a person works in while a person is performing Salat and greets, a simple head nob can be a reply.
- Correcting the imam’s mistake:
We’re all human and are bond to make mistakes. Correcting the imam doesn’t mean you have to do it in such a messy way. Do it in accordance to rules of prayer.
‘Umar: “Were you present with us [during the prayer]?” He replied: “Yes.” So, the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam asked him: “What prevented you from correcting me?”
- Reciting from a copy of the Qur’an:
“If one sometimes turns pages during a salah, it does not invalidate it. If he looks at something that is written which is not the Qur’an and he reads it to himself, it does not invalidate the salah, even if it is done for a long period of time, nevertheless, it is a hated act.” Ash-Shaf’i made a statement about it in al-Imla’.
Crying, moaning, or groaning as a result of the wordings on the Qur’anic verse.