Contemporary celebrations of Eid have strayed away from the teachings and practices of the Prophet (p.b.u.h). The following hadiths will remind you what it’s all about.
Abu Ubaid (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated, “I was present for eid with Umar bin Khattab. He started with the prayer before the sermon, and said: ‘The Messenger of Allah (saw) forbade fasting on these two days, the Day of Fitr and the Day of adha. As for the Day of Fitr, it is the day when you break your fast, and on the Day of adha you eat the meat of your sacrifices.’”
Abu Said Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated The Prophet went towards Al-Baqi (the grave-yard at Medina) on the day of eid–ul–adha and offered a two-Rakat prayer (of eid–ul–adha) and then faced us and said, “On this day of ours, our first act of worship is the offering of prayer and then we will return and slaughter the sacrifice, and whoever does this concords with our Sunna; and whoever slaughtered his sacrifice before that (i.e. before the prayer) then that was a thing which he prepared earlier for his family and it would not be considered as a Nusuk (sacrifice.)” A man stood up and said, “O, Allah’s Apostle! I slaughtered (the animal before the prayer) but I have a young she-goat which is better than an older sheep.” The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said to him, “Slaughter it. But a similar sacrifice will not be sufficient for anybody else after you.”
Ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) Narrated, “On the day of eid–ul-Fitr and eid–ul–adha a spear used to be planted in front of the Prophet (SAW) [as a Sutra for the prayer] and then he would pray.”
The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla on the days of eid–ul-Fitr and Id-ul–adha; the first thing to begin with was the prayer and after that he would stand in front of the people and the people would keep sitting in their rows. Then he would preach to them, advise them and give them orders, (i.e. Khutba). And after that if he wished to send an army for an expedition, he would do so; or if he wanted to give and order, he would do so, and then depart. The people followed this tradition till I went out with Marwan, the Governor of Medina, for the prayer of eid–ul–adha or eid–ul-Fitr. When we reached the Musalla, there was a pulpit made by Kathir bin As-Salt. Marwan wanted to get up on that pulpit before the prayer. I got hold of his clothes but he pulled them and ascended the pulpit and delivered the Khutba before the prayer. I said to him, “By Allah, you have changed (the Prophet’s tradition).” He replied, “O Abu Said! Gone is that which you know.” I said, “By Allah! What I know is better than what I do not know.” Marwan said, “People do not sit to listen to our Khutba after the prayer, so I delivered the Khutba before the prayer.”
Al-Bara (May Allah be pleased with him) Narrated, “I heard the Prophet (p.b.u.h) delivering a Khutba saying, “The first thing to be done on this day (first day of eid ul adha) is to pray; and after returning from the prayer we slaughter our sacrifices (in the name of Allah) and whoever does so, he acted according to our Sunna (traditions).”
Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated, “The Messenger of Allah (saw) used to have a bath on the day of Fitr and the day of adha.”
Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated, “In the life-time of the Prophet (SAW), Abu Talha did not fast because of the Jihad, but after the Prophet (SAW) died I never saw him without fasting except on eid–ul-Fitr and eid–ul–adha.”