As human beings, children evidently have certain moral status in the eyes of their parents. There are things that should not be done to them for the simple fact that they are humans.
Every child has rights over their birth parents. When we say the rights of children, it is referring to varying perspectives. As such, we will be focusing on the Islamic perspective.
In Islam, children are one of the joys of life that we ask Allah to grant us. They are the delight of our hearts while in their childhood, our companions and comfort in our old age and the only source of du’a in our graves.
In the Qur’an, every child has a right over their parents, every Muslim parent have responsibilities towards their children and they stand accountable for these responsibilities. They should teach their children everything about Islam and how to worship Allah.
Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Taharim (66:6)
O ye who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is Men and stones
The rights of a child over his/her parents
#1.Before the Child’s Birth
Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Salam) said the best of women are the most understanding and tender towards their children.
We can glean from this saying that even before a child is conceived, it is the responsibly of the man to look for a capable, responsible and caring wife.
#2.Showing Love towards Children
After a child is born, all their rights come to effect including feeding, clothing, health care and so much more. Allah again said in the Qur’an that mothers should feed their children for two full years. Fathers should provide everything necessary like food and clothing for the child. Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Salam) also advised that every new born has the right to be given a good name.
#3.Right to a Respectable Life
Even if parents are divorced, Islam says that a father should be fully responsible for their children regarding their food, clothing, schooling and expenses depending on what he earns. Islamic law has given children the right to a good and wonderful life and the right to inherit from the day of their birth. Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Salam) again said “The best penny a man spends is that on his children, camel, and on his friends for the sake of Allah.”
The failure of a parent to grant his/her children their rights will lead to serious consequences, including judgment between them in the afterlife.