Etiquettes of traveling in Islam

Here are some hadith about the do’s and don’ts of traveling:
#1. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “Three supplications are answered without doubt. The supplication of the oppressed, the supplication of the traveller, and the supplication of the parent for his son.” [At- Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].
#2. Ibn ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) mounted his camel for setting out on a journey, he would recite: “Allahu Akbar (Allah is Greatest),” thrice. Then he (pbuh) would supplicate: “Subhanal-ladhi sakh-khara lana hadha, wa ma kunna lahu muqrinin, wa inna ila Rabbina lamunqalibun. Allahumma inna nas’aluka fi safarina hadh al-birra wat-taqwa, wa minal-‘amali ma tarda. Allahumma hawwin ‘alaina safarana hadha, watwi ‘anna bu’dahu. Allahumma Antas-Sahibu fissafari, wal-Khalifatu fil- ahli. Allahumma inni a’udhu bika min wa’ta’is-safari, wa kaabatil- manzari, wa su’il-munqalabi fil-mali wal-ahli wal-waladi (Far removed from imperfection is the One Who has made this subservient to us, for we have no power to subjugate it, and certainly to our Rubb shall we return. O Allah, we ask You during this journey of ours for righteousness, piety and such deeds as are pleasing to You. O Allah, make easy for us this journey of ours and make the distance short for us. O Allah, You are our Companion during the journey and the Guardian of the family and the property in our presence. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the hardships of travelling, unhappiness connected with ghastly scenes and evil turns in property and family).” When he returned, he recited this supplication making addition of these words: “Ayibuna, ta’ibuna, ‘abiduna, li-Rabbina hamidun (We are those who return; those who repent; those who worship and those who praise our Rubb).” [Muslim].
#3. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “Travelling is a torment because it deprives a traveller of his food, drink and sleep. So when one of you has accomplished his purpose of journey, let him return home quickly.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
#4. Ka’b bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) returned from a journey, he would proceed straight to the mosque and perform two Rak’ah of (optional) prayer. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
#5. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to make a journey of one day and night unless she is accompanied by a Mahram (husband or any other relative to whom she is prohibited to marry).”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
#6. Ka’b bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (pbuh) set out on Thursday for the expedition of Tabuk. He liked to set out on a journey on Thursdays.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim] #7. Ibn ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “Were people to know of what I know about the dangers of travelling alone, no rider would travel alone at night.” [Al-Bukhari].
#8. Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “When three persons set out on a journey, they should appoint one of them as their leader.”[Abu Dawud] #9. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: “When you travel through green and lush land, give the camels their due from the ground, and when you travel through a dry and barren land, make them walk quickly lest their strength falters. When you encamp at night, keep away from the roads, for beasts pass there and they are the resort of insects at night.”[Muslim].
#10. Abu Tha’labah Al-Khushani (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the people encamped during the journey, they would disperse in the mountain passes and valleys. (When) the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) noticed this he said, “Your act of scattering in the mountain passes and valleys is from Satan.” Afterwards the Companions kept close together whenever they encamped. [Abu Dawud].
In summary, make sure you pay off your debts, seek advice from reliable Muslims, seek Allah’s guidance, inform your family about where you will be going and when you intend to come back, make dua when leaving, do not travel alone if the road is unsafe, when your business is done rush back home, do not come home surprisingly. May Allah grant us understanding.
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