Everybody knows how it feels when it gets really cold so everyone knows the significance of insulation. It isn’t proven whether the idea of sewing two layers of cloth was invented in the Muslim world or imported there from India or China. However, it was brought to the West by Crusaders who saw it used by the Saracen warriors. Instead of armor, they wore a quilted canvas shirt filled with straw which was an effective method of insulation. Britain and Holland adopted this method during the cottage history. The shirts also protected against chafing of the Crusaders’ metal armor.
Europe’s Gothic cathedrals copied their pointed arch from Islamic architecture. The Romans and Normans used the rounded arch. Those were inferior to the Islamic method which allowed for the building of bigger, taller and more complex grander buildings. Ribbed vaulting, rose windows and dome-building techniques were all borrowed from the Muslim ingenuity. Henry V’s castle was built by a Muslim architect.
#7. Surgical Instruments
200 instruments invented by the Muslim surgeon al-Zahrawi are the same design as modern surgical instruments. Forceps, fine scissors used for eye surgery, bone saws and scalpels are many of the surgical instruments still in use to this date. Ibn Nafis, another Muslim medic also described the blood circulatory system 300 years before William Harvey discovered it. Other medical breakthroughs by Muslim doctors included the invention of anesthetics of opium and alcohol mixes and the development of hollow needles to extract cataract from eyes still used to this date.
#8. The Windmill
In 634, a Persian Caliph invented the windmill to grind corn and draw up water for irrigation. The vastness of the Arabian dessert had only one source of power back then when the streams ran dry – this was the steady wind. Mills where designed with six to twelve sails wrapped in fabric or palm leaves over 500 years before the first windmill was introduced in Europe.
This list goes on and on from the inoculation not invented by Jenner and Pasteur but in fact devised in the Muslim world and taken to Europe from Turkey by the wife of the English ambassador to Istanbul in 1724. The fountain pen which was invented for the Sultan of Egypt in 953 when he demanded for a pen which wont stain is clothes or hand. The intricacies of that invention included gravity and capillary action and an ink reservoir. Algebra was named after al-Khwarizmi’s book, Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah, and most of its contents are still used. 300 years later an Italian mathematician by the name Fibonacci imported the work of Muslim math scholars to Europe. Much of the theory of trigonometry and algorithms came from the Muslim world.
One needs to ask this question, what do all these inventors have in common? The answer is The Qur’an. This sacred book holds miracles explaining the grandest theories like the water cycle to the minuscule ones like the blood clot and sperm cells in the reproductive system. Another thing they have in common is the teachings and example of the Prophet Mohammed ﷺ.