Islam strongly supports the act of upholding ties of kinship and these are shown in verses of the Noble Quran and various Hadeeth of the Prophet. This act is also encouraged by the rewards attributed to it. Maintaining ties of kinship means maintaining the bond between family members and relatives. This is can be executed by paying them a visit, being caring towards them, supporting and helping those in need with their affairs.
Someone who maintains the ties of kinship shows a sign of faith: Abu Hurayrah may Allah be pleased with him narrated that the Prophet SAW said:
“Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be hospitable to his guest; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should maintain his kinship ties; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should speak well or remain silent.” [Al-Bukhari]
In this Hadeeth, the Prophet SAW links these three characteristics to faith: hospitality, maintaining kinship and good speech.
Maintaining ties of kinship can also bring a lot of blessings towards that person in terms of provisions and age. Therefore, whoever wants to achieve prosperity in this life and a long life, should have good relations with his or her family. Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that the SAW said:
“Whoever loves to be granted ample provisions and a long life, should maintain good ties with his or her relatives.” [Al-Bukhari].
It was also narrated that ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, related that the Prophet SAW added that if such a man also “desires to be protected against an evil end [of life], let him fear Allah The Almighty and maintain good ties with his relatives.” [Al-Bazzaar and Al-Haakim]
Furthermore, one who maintains the ties of kinship, Allah SWT will also maintain ties with the servant and honour him or her: ‘Aa’ishah may Allah be pleased with her related that the Prophet SAW said:
“The womb [i.e., ties of kinship] is suspended from the throne [of Allah The Almighty], saying: Whoever preserves me, Allah will uphold ties with him [or her] and he who severs me, Allah will sever the bond with him.” [Muslim]
It is also a factor that permits one to be admitted to Paradise: The Prophet SAW said:
“O people exchange greetings to one another, feed people, maintain kinship ties and pray at night when others are asleep, so that you may enter Paradise in peace.” [Ahmad, At-Tirmithi and ibn Maajah]
Maintaining ties of kinship entails doings acts and not expecting the same in return, such as visiting those who do not visit us, and being good to those who wrong us. ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr ibn Al-‘Aas, may Allah be pleased with him, narrates that the Prophet SAW said:
“A man who perfectly maintains the ties of kinship is not he who recompenses the good done to him by his relatives; rather, he is the one who is on agreeable terms with those kin who have severed [their] bond with him.” [Al-Bukhari]
Allah SWT thereby treats those who keep good relations with family members, with kindness and distances those who don’t. Therefore, in order to have good ties with Allah SWT, it is important to have good ties with relatives.