In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. All thanks and praises due to our creator Allah SwT, and peace be upon His Messenger Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).
Our religion Islam has bestowed duties upon a husband towards his wife, as well as the wife towards her husband. However among these duties, there are some which are the responsibility of both the husband and the wife.
Below are some of the rights the wife has over her husband:
- The husband should provide for the needs of his wife, such as food and accommodation.
“…then again the father of the child shall endure the cost of the mother’s food and clothing on an equitable basis.”
The accommodation of the wife should be provided by the husband in accordance with his means and ability. Regarding this, Allaah says:
“Lodge them (the divorced women) where you dwell, according to your means.”
- The wife has financial rights over her husband, which includes the dowry (mahr), and spending.
The dowry (mahr) is the money given to the wife by her husband after the marriage contract is done and the marriage is being effectuated.
Allah SwT says:
“And give to the woman (whom you marry) their Mahr with a good heart.”
The Mahr demonstrates the seriousness and significance of the marriage contract, and it is a token of honor and respect to the woman.
Islamic scholars agree that it is obligatory on husbands to spend on their wives, provided the wife makes herself available to her husband. The wife is not entitled to spending if she refuses her husband or rebels against him.
- Wives also have non-financial rights over their husbands, such rights includes:
(a). The wife has the right to be treated fairly, as well as equally with her co-wives, provided the husband has other wives, with regards to spending, clothing, as well as nights spent with them.
(b). Women also have the right to be treated kindly by their husbands. The husband should have good attitude towards his wife and be kind to her always.
Allah states in the Qur’an:
“.. He created for you from yourselves companions that you may find serenity in them, and He placed between you affection and compassion…”
It was also narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah ‘SwT’ be pleased with him) said:
“The Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said; ‘be compassionate to women.’”