When the beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ arrived in Madinah, he found that the people there marked two specific days for celebration and entertainment. Thus he remarked that Allah has replaced those days with two days better than them. These blessed days are the Day of Breaking the Fast of Ramadan (Eid al-Fitr) and the Day of Sacrifice (Eid al-Adha). [Ahmad & An-Nasai]
The etiquette and rulings of the two Eids are:
#1.It is forbidden to fast on the day of Eid. This has been reported by Abi Sa’id (May Allaah be pleased with him)who said: “The prophet forbade observing fast on two days- the Day of Fitr and the Day of Nahr.”
#2.It is recommended to perform ghusl (ritual bath), adorn oneself and wear new clothes.
#3.It is recommended to eat before leaving to attend the “Eidul-Fitr” prayer, but for the “Eidul-Adha”, it is recommended that a person delays eating until after the sacrifice.
#4.For those who go out to perform the Eid prayer, it is reasonable to take one route to the Eid grounds and another route when heading home.
#5.One should display signs of happiness and excitement and it is recommended to spend graciously on one’s family and other beneficiaries (if any) on Eid days.
#6.It is very important for a Muslim to attend Eid prayers and not miss it at all.
#7.Tightening kinship by meeting people and congratulating one another during Eid days is highly recommended.
#8.There are no voluntary prayers before and after an Eid prayer. The open space reserved for Eid prayers should be reserved for that purpose.
#9.It is recommended that we perform Eid prayers in musalla (open spaces) and not in a masjid as the Prophet ﷺ did except if there’s a dire need to shift the venue for instance as a result of water logged Eid grounds.
#10.Eid prayer comprises two rakahs (units of prayer). The first rakah begins with seven takbirs (saying Allahu Akbar), apart from the takbiratul-qiyam. The second rakah begins with five takbirs aside from takbiratul-qiyam, which is said after rising up from a previous rakah. After the Imam ends the prayer by saying the two salaams, he gives two short khutbas (sermons) separated by a pause at which he sits down, as in a Friday prayer.
The Eid days are real blessings of Allah bestowed upon us as Muslims and the bigger blessing is to be able to witness them every year. Eid is the time of happiness, love, and contentment among all Muslims. We should try to live it with the best of intentions as “actions are directly judged by their intentions”. May we witness a lot of Eids to come.In the words of one of Sufyanath-Thawri’s companions, “I went out one Eid with Sufyan and he said, The first thing we will do on our day is to lower our gaze.” Good reminder especially in today’s generation. The entire staff of Musliminc wish you and your families a blessed Eid-al Adha this year beginning on Friday September 1st, 2017.