History is the science which studies this phenomenon of greatness. Usually, every person who scales the heights of greatness and acquires a place in history is a success from the worldly point of view. Its every Muslim youth’s dream to have been the first to accept islam but unfortunately for us that time is elapsed. Muslims globally are yearning to be like the sahabs (companions of the Prophet pbuh), but it requires much patience and perseverance with the blessings and guidance of Allah. Although, Alhamdulillah! the prophet had lay down for us easy ways to worship and please Allah depending on the condition we find ourselves.
Hazrat Ali is renowned as one of the most elevated personalities of Islam, from his unique birth and throughout his life, he was always different as such stood out. He was deeply loved by Holy Prophet(pbuh). Hazrat Ali (R.A) was the son of Abu Talib, a prominent Quraish chief and custodian of the Holy Ka’bah. Abu Talib was so-called because he was the father of “Talib,” the eldest brother of Hadrat Ali. And his mother was Fatima, the daughter of Asad, who was a son of Hashim. So, both of his parents where Hashimites and that was a great honor. Hazrat Ali was born on the 13th Rajab the month of the Elephant while his mother Fatima was circumventing the Kaaba in mecca in the year 599 CE. Furthermore, it was said that during his birth he did not cause any pain to mom neither did he cry. Days after his birth his parent had been worried that the baby haven’t opened his eyes but when the prophet (pbuh) came to visit and held him one his lap, he opened his eyes and the prophet suggested he be named Ali since he was born in the house of Allah. The love between Ali and the prophet (pbuh) was divine because they had a lot in common; not looks nor attitude but they where both born in the month of the Elephants and both shared a common grand father called Abdul Mutalib.
In the post-Hijri years, he emerged as the greatest warrior of the age. He distinguished himself as a great warrior in the battles of Badr, Uhud and the Ditch. His crowning success was his conquest of the Khyber. In battle, he killed more men [through hand-to-hand combat] than any other single man in history. All those who fought in the duels against him were invariably killed.
He acted as a Judge, and acquired fame for his wise and well-reasoned judgments. He acted as the Governor of Yemen, and acquired a good deal of experience as administrator. He had the honour of announcing the verses of the Holy Qur’an about the “Declaration of Immunity” to the people on behalf of the Holy Prophet on the location of the Hajj. When the holy Prophet died, Hadrat Ali was in the prime of his youth and he was enlightened, experienced, wise and brave. Hadrat Ali held the leadership of the caliphat after Abu Bakr,Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Uthman for 5 years, which was described as the period of frustration. Hadrat Ali found the caliphate to be a bed of thorns, during which he fought three battles: (i) the Battle of the Camel, (ii) the Battle of Siffin and (iii) the Battle of Nahrawan. All three battles were fought against the Muslims and led to considerable bloodshed. It came as a great shock for him because instead of fighting against non-Muslims, he had to fight against Muslims. During this period, Hadrat Ali had to suffer from frustration because of repeated and continuous betrayals, even by men close to him.
He was assassinated in the month of Ramadhan. May Allah be pleased with him. Ameen.