The Rightly Guided Caliphs and Companions Of The Prophet

The companions of the Prophet Muhammad (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam) are considered the best generation of the Muslim Ummah till eternity. We learn about their etiquette and manners, we read their stories and marvel at their exploits. We admire their religious zeal and their utter devotion to Allah Azawajala and His Messenger (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam). The companions came from all different walks of life exactly as you would find in a small town today.

#1.Abu Bakr (The First Caliph Of Islam) The First Among Men To Enter Islam

Sayyidina Abu Bakr’s (may Allah be pleased with him) real name was Abdullah, and he was given the title of “As Siddique” or ”Testifier to the Truth.” His father, ‘Uthman, was known as Abu Quhafah and his mother, Salma, was known as Ummul Khair. He was two and a half years younger than Sayyidina Rasululah (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam). Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) was always a very close Companion of the Holy Prophet (saw). He knew him better than any other man.

Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) knew how honest and upright the Prophet (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam) was. Such knowledge of the Prophet (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam) made Abu Bakr the first man to follow the Message of Prophet Muhammad (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam).

Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) was indeed the first adult male to accept Islam. The Holy Prophet (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam) told Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) what had happened at Mount Hira’, he told him that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’alla has revealed to him and made him His Messenger. When Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) heard this from the Prophet (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam), he did not stop to think, he at once became a Muslim.

He submitted to Islam with such determination that once the Holy Prophet (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam) himself remarked: “I called people to Islam, everybody thought over it, at least for a while, but this was not the case with Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), the moment I put Islam before him, he accepted it without any hesitation”. He was titled As Sadiq by the Prophet (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam) because his faith was too strong to be shaken by anything.

#2.Umar bin Al-Khatab (The Second Caliph Of Islam)

Umar ibn Al- Khattāb was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs in history. He was a senior companion of the Prophet Muhammad (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam). He succeeded Abu Bakr (632–634) as the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate. He was an expert Muslim jurist known for his pious and just nature, which earned him the epithet Al-Farooq (“the one who distinguishes between right and wrong).

In 639 A.D., Umar married Umm Kulsum the daughter of ‘Ali and Fatima. Till his death in 644 A D., Umm Kulsum remained his favorite wife.

#3.Uthman bin Affan (The Third Caliph Of Islam)

Uthman bin Affan was the longest-serving of the Rightly Guided Caliphs, leading the community for 12 years.

Uthman bin Affan was born into a rich family. His father was a wealthy merchant who died when Uthman was still young. Uthman took over the business and became known as a hard- working and generous man. In his travels, Uthman often interacted with people of different tribes and beliefs. Uthman was one of the earliest believers in Islam. Uthman was quick to spend his wealth on the poor and would donate whatever goods or supplies the Muslim community needed.

Uthman was a family man who apparently led a simple life even after becoming the Caliph of the Rashidun Empire and regardless of the fact that he was rich due to his flourishing family business. The caliphs were paid for their services from bait al-mal, the public treasury, but Uthman never took any salary for his service as a Caliph, as he was independently wealthy.

Uthman was also a humanitarian. He developed a custom to free slaves every Friday, look after the widows and orphans, and give unlimited charity. His patience and endurance were among the characteristics that made him a successful leader.

As a way of taking care of Muhammad’s wives, he doubled their allowances. Uthman wasn’t completely plain and simple, however: Uthman built a Palace for himself in Medina, known as Al-Zawar, with a notable feature being doors of precious wood. Although Uthman paid for the palace with his own money, Shia Muslims considered it his first step towards ruling like a King.
Allah knows best.

#4.Ali bin Abu Talib

Ali (May Allaah be pleased with him) was the fourth caliph of Islam. He was a cousin to the Prophet Muhammad (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam). He was ten years old when Prophet Muhammad (Salalahu Alaihi wa Salam) received the first revelation. Ali was the first youth to believe in the Prophet.

Ali (May Allaah be pleased with him) was a man of great knowledge and courage. He fought in many battles to help safeguard the Muslims and their religion.

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