As brothers and sisters, the Muslims are entitled to rights that are specific to the religious community, including the right to be treated with proper manners and etiquette, to be prayed for, to be greeted with peace, to be visited when sick, and to enjoy friendly companionship.
The following are the six rights a Muslim is owed by his fellow Muslims:
#1. When You Meet Him Greet Him With Peace.
Asalaam Alaykum! If you’ve ever heard Muslims greet each other, you’ve probably heard the high standard Muslim greeting. One person says: Asalaam Alaykum – roughly translated as “Peace be upon you.” And the other person responds with: Wa ’Alaykum Asalaam – which means “And peace be upon you also.”
The greeting comes from the Qur’an and is meant to help promote a sense of brotherhood among Muslims and to reflect the peace that should exist between Muslims from all walks of life. Whether or not these greetings can be used with non- Muslims is up for debate. There are some scholars who say a Muslim should never use them with non- Muslims, while others say the greetings may be used in times of great need or when non-Muslims use them first.
#2. When He Invite You Accept His Invitation.
Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Umar (Ra) narrates that the Holy Prophet ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ) said:
“The person who is invited among you by his brother should accept the invitation whether it is a wedding invition or anything similar to it.” [Muslim]
Hadhrat Jabir ibn Abdullah (ra) narrates that the Holy Prophet ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ) said:
“If anyone of you is invited to partake of meals, he should at least accept the invitation. Thereafter he may partake of it if he desires or he may totally abstain from it.” [Muslim]
Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (ra) narrates that the Holy Prophet ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ) said:
“If anyone of you is invited for meals, he should accept the invitation. If he is fasting, he should make Duaa (of goodness and blessing) for the one who invited him (some maintain that he should set out and perform Salah at the host’s house), and if he is not fasting he should partake in the meal.” [Muslim]
No excuse will be entertained in declining an invitation. However, if wine and other intoxicants are provided at the invitation or food will be eaten out of gold and silver utensils or there is a fear of any other evil, one should on no account accept the invitation.
#3. When He Seeks Your Advice Advice Him.
The giving of sincere advice enjoys a sublime and exalted position in Islam, and how could this not be so? The Prophet considered the giving of sincere advice on a par with the religion as whole.
The Prophet said: “Religion is giving sincere advice. ”
The Companions gave an oath of allegiance to the Prophet ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ )that they would sincerely advise the Muslims:
Jareer ibn ‘Abdullah said,
“I gave the oath of allegiance to the Prophet ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ )that I would perform prayers, pay the Zakah, and give advice to every Muslim. ”
#4. When He Sneezes And Then Praises Allah Invoke Allah’s Blessings On Him.
Praise be to Allaah.
It was proven in the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah (ra) reported that the Prophet ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ) said: “Allaah likes the act of sneezing and dislikes the act of yawning, so if any one of you sneezes and praises Allaah (says “al-hamdu Lillaah”), it is a duty on every Muslim who hears him to say to him, “Yarhamuk Allaah (may Allaah have mercy on you).” As for yawning, it is from the Shaytaan, so if any of you feels the urge to yawn, he should suppress it as much as he can, for when any one of you yawns, the Shaytaan laughs at him.” ( al Bukhaari, 10/505).
#5. When He Falls Sick Visit Him.
There are many ahaadeeth which speak of its virtue, such as the words of the Prophet ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ )
“When the Muslim visits his (sick) Muslim brother, he is harvesting the fruits of Paradise until he returns.” (Muslim, 2568.).
The reward attained by the one who visits the sick is likened to the harvest reaped by one who gathers fruit.
Ali (ra) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ) say: “There is no Muslim who visits a (sick) Muslim early in the morning but seventy thousand angels send blessings upon him until evening comes, and if he visits him in the evening, seventy thousand angels send blessings upon him until morning comes, and he will have a garden in Paradise.” (al-Tirmidhi).
Visiting the sick does not involve only those whom you know, rather it is prescribed for those whom you know and those whom you do not know.
#6. When He Dies Follow His Funeral.
Concerning the virtue of attending funerals until the prayer has been offered and the deceased has been buried, the Prophet ( ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ )said:
“Whoever attends the funeral until the prayer has been offered will have one qiraat (of reward) and whoever attends until the deceased has been buried will have two qiraats.” It was asked, “What are the two qiraats?” He said: “Like two great mountains.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1325; Muslim, 945.