This is the day that immediately follows the last day of the holy month of Ramadan. Eid al-Fitr falls on the first day of Shawwal (the 10TH month of the Islamic Calendar). It is one of the greatest Islamic festivals and a day of happiness.
Eid al-Fitr is the day of thanksgiving to Allah for giving his servants the opportunity to fast and to worship him in the holy month. On this fruitful day, Muslims around the world leave their jobs, offer Eid prayers, visit one another, dress well and take part in festivities.
Whether rich or poor, Islam encourages all Muslims to enjoy Eid. Therefore, it commands all the well-off people to pay Zakat (charity) of Fitr. This charity consists of three kilograms (3kg) of one’s daily food or its equivalent cash. The payment of this Zakat is obligatory upon every person who is an adult, of sane mind, free at the time of the sunset on the last day of Ramadan, and is not dependent on others for means of subsistence. If the person concerned is the head of the family, it is incumbent upon him to pay his own Zakat of Fitr, on behalf of those whom he supports and those who, at the time of the sunset preceding Eid day, are considered to be partners in his meals. Also, if a guest arrives before sunset on the last day of the holy month and shares his meal with his hosts, the head of the family is required to pay his zakat of Fitr as well.
The purpose of this Zakat is to recognize the rights of the poor and needy only, but may be payable on property, which is expendable. This includes helping the deserving people and building hospitals, bridges, schools, and so forth.
Nowadays, the Zakat of Fitr is paid without any planning, with the end result being that the deserving people do not derive any suitable benefit from it. Thus it would be better if the Zakat paid by all the people is collected in one place and spent after proper planning so that the condition of a good number of needy persons may improve.
Since Eid al-Fitr is a day of Thanksgiving, we should be thankful to Allah for having witnessed the last day of Ramadan and pray that He accepts our worship. This day doesn’t call for extravagance and doing haram. Yes, it is a day of happiness but that doesn’t mean that we should let it lead us to doing haram. Instead, it calls for living the halal way and being happy with our families and friends. Our mode of dressing is expected to be modest too.
Let us make it a day worth remembering by doing what is supposed to be done. At the end of the day, you get to benefit from the reward of Allah if you obey Him. Have a great Eid!