This sermon was delivered on the Ninth Day Dhu’Ihijja 10 A.H in the Uranah valley of Mount Arafat.
The Prophet peace be upon him said:
“ O people lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.
O people, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurts no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that HE will indeed reckon your deeds. ALLAH has forbidden you to take usury (Interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer inequity. Beware of satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O people, verily you have certain rights with regards to your women, but they also have rights over you. And it is your right that they not fraternize with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to commit adultery. But it they do, then Allah has permitted you to isolate them within their homes and to chastise them without cruelty. If they abide by your rights then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. Remember that you have taken them as your wives and enjoyed their flesh only under Allah’s trust and with his permission.
O My people, list to me in earnest, worship ALLAH, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Haj if you can afford to. You know that every Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. You are all equal. Nobody has superiority over other except by piety and good action.
Remember, one day you will appear before ALLAH and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O people, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, “O people, and understand my words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the QUR’AN and my example, the SUNNAH, and if you follow these, you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may be the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly.
Be my witness “O ALLAH, that I have conveyed your message to your people.” MAY ALLAH HELP US WITH UNDERSTANDING. AMEEN.