Some Words Used In The Qur’an For Business Or Commerce (part 2)

Even this most common of the words for trade, is used to draw spiritual and ethical themes. Explicit use for trade however is used when emphasizing rules that are not generally observed. The very long Aayah of 2:282 talks about defining the terms and conditions of a transaction with a fixed time period and documenting the agreement of the parties in the presence of witnesses who understand the deal and would remember it in case their testimony is needed. A part of this Aayah was translated above. Some other aspects of the Ayah are given here:

“O you who believe! When ye deal with each other, in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time, reduce them to writing. Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties…Disdain not to reduce to writing (your contract) for a future period, whether it be small or big: it is juster in the sight of Allah, more suitable as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves… and let neither scribe nor witness suffer harm. If ye do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So fear Allah; for it is Allah that teaches you. And Allah is well acquainted with all things.”
Trade and commercial transactions are better for distribution of wealth than the use of brute force for the control of resources.

Surah Al Nisa’ (4), Aayat 29 and 30 says:
29.” O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities; but let there be among you traffic and trade by mutual good-will: nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful!”

30.” If any do that in rancor and injustice, soon shall We cast them into the Fire: and easy it is for God.”

#4. Fulk. The Ships, Trade, and Passenger-boats.
This word is mentioned in the Qur’an more than 23 times. The word is used in the moral context of telling the story of a prophet or to remind humanity of the power and blessings of Allah.
In Surah Al Baqara (2), Aayah 164, reads:
“Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the night and the day; in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of mankind; (here) indeed are Signs for a people that are wise.”

Surah Ar Rum (30), Aayah 46 says:
“Among His Signs is this, that He sends the Winds, as heralds of Glad Tidings, giving you a taste of His (Grace and) Mercy, that the ships may sail (majestically) by His Command and that ye may seek of His Bounty: in order that ye may be grateful.”

In Surah Az Zukhruf (43), Aayah 12, says:
(the same Allah) that created pairs in all things, and has made for you ships and cattle on which ye ride.
Read the Aayat 9 through 15 to get a flavor for the full context.

#5. Kaal and Wazan. Measuring and Weighing (in general, the process that requires comparing equals and equivalents that balance them).
The word Wazan and related variants are mentioned in the Qur’an about 23 times. The word Kaal is mentioned together with the above 6 times. Some examples are given below.

Surah Al Israa (17), Aayah 35:
“Give full measure when ye measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight; that is the most fitting and the most advantageous in the final determination.”
Read Aayat 23 through 40 to see the whole context.

Surah Al Mutaffifin (83), Aayat 1 through 3:
“Woe to those that deal in fraud, those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, exact full measure, but when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due.”

Surah Ar Rahman (55), Aayat 7 through 9 read:
And the firmament has He raised high, and He has set up the Balance (of Justice), in order that ye may not transgress (due) balance. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance.

#6. Saiyr. To move, To set out, To travel. (A planet is called sayyarah)
The above word, with its variations, appears in the Qur’an about 26 times. Most of the usage is in the formulation of “tell them to travel”, or “why don’t they travel?”
Traveling for a purpose, but not a purposeless journey, is highly recommended. The emphasized purpose is learning about others and about the fate of previous peoples and civilizations. What happened to all the great powers of the past? Why were they destroyed? The Qur’an tells us that they were destroyed for their refusal to be God- conscious and for being unjust. But He wants us to see the evidence ourselves and learn about them.

Surah Al Mu’min (40), Aayah 82 says:
“Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the End of those before them? They were more numerous than these and superior in strength and in the traces (they have left) in the land.Yet all that they accomplished was of no profit to them.

Aayah 21 of the same Surah ends with:
… “but Allah did call them to account for their sins, and none had they to defend against Allah.

Surah Al Hajj (22), Aayah 46 adds:
“Do they not travel through the land, so that their hearts (and minds) may thus learn wisdom, and their ears may thus learn to hear? Truly, it is not their eyes that are blind, but their Hearts which are in their breasts.”.

In the Qur’an is an endless treasure for mankind. Our lives, both personal and business will be much fruitful if we guided ourselves by the last book of Divine revelation.

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