Babies are seen to be blessings from Allah SWT to their parents as they give vigour to their hearts, joy to their lives and pleasure in their eyes. Indeed children have an elevated status in Islam. They are the youth of tomorrow and they are to carry the message of Islam to the following generation and so on. Islam has also laid down ways in which children should be treated relating to all affairs at each stage of their lives one of which is their welcoming into the world. The Prophet SAW was a living example and he taught us what to do when a baby is born.
One should give the good news of the birth. Anxiously waiting family members should be informed so that the can stop worrying and congratulate the parents and supplicate for the baby. One should make the adhaan in the ear of the baby, so that the first words that the baby hears is the name of Allah SWT. it is related by Abu Raafi’ who said, “I saw the Prophet give the adhaan for prayer in the ear of al-Husayn ibn Alee when his mother Faatimah gave birth to him,” (Tirmidhee)
Another thing to do is Tahneek. This is done by putting a piece of the softened date on the finger and rubbing it from left to right in the mouth of the baby. Ibn Hajr said, “if one is not able to find a dry date, then a fresh date should be used, and if that is not available then anything sweet.” (Fath 9/588)
Moreover, the baby may be named on the day of its birth or later on the seventh day. It is the father or the mother who chose the name for the baby. It was reported that Anas ibn Maalik said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “a boy was born to me this night and I named him after my forefather Ibraaheem” (Muslim).
It is also prescribed to slaughter a sheep on the seventh day. The Messenger (SAW) said, “Every child is in pledge for its ‘Aqeeqah’ which is sacrificed for it on its seventh day, and it is named on it, and its head is shaved” (Abu Dawood) .On the seventh day after the birth the head of the baby should be shaved. So when al-Hasan was born the Prophet (SAW) told his daughter, Faatima (RA), “shave his head and give the weight of his hair in silver to the poor” (Ahmad). The right side of the head should be shaved first, then the left. It is also recommended that on the seventh day, the value of the baby’s weight of hair in silver in charity, but it is not necessary to do so on the seventh day, it may be delayed.